Association between Urinary Bisphenol A & the Reporting of Cardiovascular Diseases: Case of American Adults

Hassan Naji

Abstract


Objective: Bisphenol A is categorized as an organic synthetic compound, which is commonly used for developing epoxy resin and polycarbonate plastics. Bisphenol A is measured as endocrine disrupter, which consists of estrogens receptors and estrogenic influence within laboratory findings. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the association of urinary Bisphenol A with cardiovascular disease. Urinary BPA is considered as independent variable while CVD was treated as dependent variable. Methods: The participants were selected in the study through statistical process commenced with the data provided in 2009/10 survey by NHANES. The quantitative approach was implemented in the study to explore the association between urinary BPA and reporting of cardiovascular disease. The adult U.S. population between the age group 18 to 80 years was included as a targeted population. Results: The step 1 in binary logistic regression examined the correlation among presence of cardiovascular disease and the controls, predicting controls to be significant in forecasting the presence of cardiovascular disease. The step 2 binary logistic regression indicates the significant relation among the independent variable and controls to explore the occurrence of cardiovascular disease. Conclusion: There were no changes found by the coefficient of two-step binary regression with covariates and independent variable Bisphenol A to identify cardiovascular disease. Age was revealed as the only control variable among other variables that estimates the reporting of cardiovascular disease. 


Keywords


Bisphenol A, BPA, cardiovascular disease, CVD NHANES, congestive heart failure, heart attack, angina, coronary heart disease, estrogen disruptor, environmental phenols, polycarbonate plastics, epoxy resin

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14725/gjccd.v4n1a1518

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Global Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Diseases

ISSN 2309-3374 (Print)  ISSN 2375-4095 (Online)